BEYİN GÖÇÜNDEN BEYİN DOLAŞIMINA: BÖLGESEL KALKINMADA BEYİN GÜCÜ
In this study, the relationships between brain drain, brain circulation and development phenomena are tried to be analyzed theoretically through various samples. One of the main problems of low-welfare societies is that people with high levels of human capital migrate to countries with high levels of welfare for many reasons. Although this form of migration brings some benefits to the source countries, it causes the further development of the target countries and offers them the main contribution. The development gap between the brain drain and countries is getting deeper and deeper. In this context, there is usually no linear relationship between the development of the source country and the brain drain. But although brain drain is still widespread, the phenomenon of brain circulation instead of brain drain is becoming debatable within the framework of the erosion of borders and the policies developed by the source country, and there is a more optimistic view of brain circulation compared to brain drain. While brain drain causes the difference between countries to grow, according to some points of view, brain circulation can minimize this difference. When qualified programs that encourage return are accomplished, the benefits of brain circulation come to the forefront in terms of the source country. There are many programs for brain circulation between countries. While some of these programs are aimed at the mobility of the highly skilled workforce, some cover the mobility of students and staff for higher education. Intercollegiate cooperation on this issue is an important component of brain circulation. It is believed that individuals who raise their human capital through this mobility can contribute to the development of their country.
Migration, development, human capital, circulation of information.